Lisbon Jewish heritage is part of Lisbon’s identity.
In the Middle Ages, Jews played an important role in the administration of the kingdom, in urban evolution and in the commercial business of the city. Lisbon had four Jewish Quarters and many families lived outside the areas assigned to the Jews, a sign of the population dimension that the community reached in the 15th century.
The rural Jewish communities in Portugal were very important for the Portuguese Jewish history. Some of these Jewish communities reaches back over the XIV Century. With the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492, some of them came to these lands in Beira interior. This is the reason why rural Jewish communities in Portugal became so important, not only because of the culture, or financial value, but for a much more important reason, to be able to position themselves as Jewish and to preserve their Jewish identity.
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